James Randi's Challenge
This statement outlines the general rules covering my offer concerning
psychic, supernatural or paranormal claims. Since claims will
vary greatly in character and scope, specific rules must be formulated
for each claimant. However, all claimants must agree to the rules
set forth here before any formal agreement is entered into. A
claimant will declare agreement by signing this form where indicated
before a notary public and returning the form to me. The eventual
test procedure must be agreed upon by both parties before any
testing procedures will take place. I do not act as a judge. I
do not design the protocol independently of the claimant. All
claimants must identify themselves properly before any discussion
takes place. Due to the large amount of correspondence exchanged
on this subject, all correspondence must include a stamped, self-
addressed envelope or an addressed envelope with an International
I, James Randi, will pay the sum of US$10,000 to any person or
persons who will demonstrate any psychic, supernatural or paranormal
ability of any kind under satisfactory observing conditions. Such
demonstration must take place under these rules and limitations:
- Claimant must state clearly in advance, and claimant and Mr.
Randi will agree upon, just what powers or abilities will be demonstrated,
the limits of the proposed demonstration (so far as time, location
and other variables are concerned) and what will constitute both
a positive and a negative result.
- Only an actual performance of the stated nature & scope
within the agreed-upon limits, is acceptable.
- Claimant agrees that all data (such as photographic, recorded,
written) of any sort gathered as a result of the testing may be
used freely by me in any way I choose.
- Tests will be designed in such a way that no judging procedure
is required. Results will be self-evident to any observer, in
accordance with the rules which will be agreed upon by all parties
in advance of any formal testing procedure taking place. No part
of the testing procedure may be changed in any way without the
express agreement of all parties concerned.
- I may ask the claimant to perform informally before an appointed
representative, if distance and time dictate that need, for purposes
of determining if the claimant is likely to perform as promised.
- I will not pay for expenses incurred by the claimant, such
as transportation, accommodation or other costs.
- When entering into this challenge, claimant surrenders any
& all rights to legal action against me, as far as this may
be done by established statutes. This applies to injury, accident
or any other damage of a physical or emotional nature and/or financial
or professional loss of any kind.
- Prior to the commencement of the formal testing procedure,
I will give my check for the full reward amount into the keeping
of an independent person chosen by the claimant. In the event
that the claimant is successful under the agreed terms and conditions,
that check for US$10,000 shall be immediately surrendered to the
claimant by the person holding that check, in full settlement.
- Copies of this document are available free of charge to any
person who sends the required stamped, self-addressed envelope
or reply coupon to me, requesting it.
- This offer is made by me personally, and not on behalf of
any other person, agency or organization, though others may become
involved in the examination of claims, and others may add their
reward money to mine in certain circumstances.
- This offer is open to any and all persons, in any part of
the world, regardless of sex, race, educational background, etc.,
and will continue in effect until the prize is awarded, or until
my death. My legal will states that, upon my death, the reward
amount will be held in escrow and in charge of the Committee for
Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, in Buffalo,
New York, who are then empowered to continue the offer for a period
of ten years after my demise, after which the reward amount can
be used by them for whatever purpose they desire.
- CLAIMANT MUST AGREE UPON WHAT WILL CONSTITUTE A CONCLUSION
THAT HE OR SHE DOES NOT POSSESS THE CLAIMED ABILITY OR POWER.
This rule must be accepted by the claimant without reservation.
[Due to financial limitations brought about as a result of recent
lawsuits, the $10,000 -- if won -- will for a short period of time,
be paid by promissory note. It is expected that by the beginning
of 1996, this provision will be removed.]
(signed) James Randi
12000 NW 8th Street
Plantation, FL 33325
Claimant, by signing, notarizing and returning this form, signifies
agreement with the above rules.
Please be advised that several claimants have suffered great
personal embarrassment after failing these tests. I strongly
advise you to conduct proper double-blind tests of any ability
you believe you can demonstrate, before attempting to undergo
a testing for this prize. This has saved me and many claimants
much time and work, by showing that the powers were quite
imaginary on the part of the would-be claimant. Please do this,
and do not choose to ignore the need for such a precaution.
Due to the generosity of supporters who share my view of "psychic" claims, I
have received (as of this date, 12/20/95) pledges from 209 persons amounting to
$473,000 -- which sum includes my own $10,000 pledge. Presently, I am having
this matter examined by lawyers to be sure that the augmented prize may be
legally offered to claimants. I expect that by the end of this year I will be
able to change the challenge award, and I will at that time change this entry to
announce the availability of the new prize.
-- James Randi